- Dark marks
- Mottled pigmentation
- Uneven skin colour
- Thick make-up application
- Hormonal Pigmentation (Melasma and Chloasma)
- Solar Pigmentation
- Post Inflammatory Pigmentation (PIH)
What Is Hyper-pigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is when the skin appears dark, blotchy, and uneven in colour. This darkening occurs when an excess of melanin, the brown pigment that produces normal skin colour, forms excess deposits in the skin as a form of protection. There are different forms of hyperpigmentation which differ in depth and cause. Hyperpigmentation can affect skin colour of people of any race, although darker skin types tend to struggle more.
Hyperpigmentation is a very difficult condition to treat and is dependent on your lifestyle, sun exposure, if there is pigment in the deeper layers of the skin, sunscreen application, hormone fluctuations, inflammation in the area, the treatments that are being done and how regularly they are performed, product used and ingredients in the products just to mention a few factors.
There are a number of different factors that can trigger hyper-pigmentation namely:
- Sun damage is a very common trigger for hyperpigmentation, especially in hotter climates such as Africa’s. Freckles, age spots, and other darkened skin patches can become darker or more pronounced when skin is exposed to the sun. This happens because melanin absorbs the energy of the sun’s harmful ultraviolet rays in order to protect the skin from damage.
- Melasma or Chloasma is hyperpigmentation triggered by hormonal changes/influences. Pregnancy, for example, can trigger overproduction of melanin that causes hyperpigmentation on the face. Melasma frequently reduces after pregnancy. Women who take birth control pills may also develop hyperpigmentation because their bodies undergo similar kinds of hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy.
- Post inflammatory hyperpigmentation is another form of hyperpigmentation that is caused by any type of trauma to the skin. (e.g. Acne) Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) causes skin darkening and discoloration that show up as spots, or as large patches on a person’s skin. This is because cells that normally produce brown pigment evenly across your skin produce too much melanin. This happens because of an inflammatory reaction in the skin, or injury to the skin.
- Women who take birth control pills or have infertility treatments, may also develop hyperpigmentation because their bodies undergo similar kinds of hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy.