- Lines and wrinkles
- Textural change
- Skin sagging
Photoageing is the process by which skin is changed or damaged as a result of exposure to all the frequencies of light and heat produced by the sun. Dermal components are broken down rapidly and the long-term effects of this process on the skin include wrinkles and/or discolouration. Ultraviolet radiation is responsible for up to 80% of all skin ageing.
Skin ageing can be classified into two different groups: Intrinsic (dependant on genes) and extrinsic ageing which is caused by exposure to external factors such as smoking, pollution, wind, heat, and harmful Ultraviolet Rays from exposure to the sun. Up to 80% of all ageing may be attributed to sun exposure.
- Inherited ageing that is genetically regulated rate passed down from parents.
- Results in changes in cell production, rate of turnover and cell activity in the skin.
- Photoageing is the process by which skin is altered or damaged as a result of exposure to ultraviolet radiation and other sources.
- Collagen and elastin production are stunted and enzymes in the dermis are raised by sun exposure, causing the skin to lose its ability to repair itself effectively and the long-term effects of this process on the skin including fine lines and wrinkles, uneven colouring and textural changes as well as the skin becoming thinner and becoming less resistant to wrinkling.
- In addition, the levels of Growth Factors, which are naturally present in our skin, decline with age thus causing the repair process to slow down even more.
- Healing in more mature skin, is further hampered by the effects of chronic inflammation, also called inflamm-ageing, on the skin.